According to the National Institute Of Mental Health, approximately 10% of adults are prone to phobias. The underlying reason for phobias are numerous, including, evolutionary and behavioural theories. They could trigger symptoms like nausea, dizziness, breathlessness, or even a panic attack in severe cases.
Below are the ten most common phobias, and the tips to overcome them.
1. Arachnophobia: Fear Of Spiders
Arachnophobia is one of the most common animal-related phobias (zoophobia). It is when a mere sight, thought or even a picture of spider or any arachnid (scorpion, mites) triggers fear and panic attacks. The evolutionary fact that some species of spiders are poisonous and fatal to human beings, and humans respond in a way to protect themselves, forms the basis of this fear.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is used to treat this phobia. It usually focuses on getting rid of the negative thoughts triggering fear, and replacing them with positive, more rational thoughts. Systematic desensitization is another therapy where the individual is subjected to fear-inducing conditions, and made to handle them in a relaxed state.